#### Problem 1 [**]

There are 100 people in line to board a plane with 100 seats. The first person has lost their boarding pass, so they take a random seat. Everyone that follows takes their assigned seat if it's available, but otherwise takes a random unoccupied seat. What is the probability the last passenger ends up in their assigned seat?

[@brilliantorg]

[@brilliantorg]

Provable via induction start with the case of 3 passengers.

#### Problem 2 [***]

Find the ratio of the area of the red triangle to the green quadrilateral.

[@fayzshafloot5]

Find the ratio of the radius of the incircle of a triangle to the its height in terms of its side lengths: a,b, and c. Use Heron's formula. r/h=b/2s

#### Problem 3 [*]

[Simon Pampena]

How many squares of Area A can fit inside square of area B.

#### Problem 4 [*]

If you flip a particular unfair coin 6 times, P(3H & 3T) = 16%. If you flip the same coin 4x, what is P(2H & 2T)?
[Matt Enlow]

Don't forget about the number of combinations i..e 6!/(3!*3!) = 20

#### Problem 5 [***]

This is quite tricky and requires calculus.

1. Derive the triangle ratio 2:1

2. Take derivative of ellipse ax^2 + y^2 = 100 and set to -1/2 at tangent to find pt (x,2ax)

3. Use similar triangles to find width is 4ax + x - 10 which gives a 2nd point

4. Plug both into the ellipse equation and solve for a to get 4/9

5. Plug the point (x,2ax) in to get (9,8) and calc the length.

1. Derive the triangle ratio 2:1

2. Take derivative of ellipse ax^2 + y^2 = 100 and set to -1/2 at tangent to find pt (x,2ax)

3. Use similar triangles to find width is 4ax + x - 10 which gives a 2nd point

4. Plug both into the ellipse equation and solve for a to get 4/9

5. Plug the point (x,2ax) in to get (9,8) and calc the length.

#### Problem 6 [*]

ABCD is a 6x8 rectangle where the length of AB is 8, and length of BC is 6, and the 2

subsegments in the cross are 2 and 3.

What's the area of EFGH?

#### Problem 7 [**]

[@sansu_seijin]

In the figure, triangle ABC is a right angle isosceles triangle with angle A = 90 degrees, and square ACDE is a parallelogram. When AE = 5 cm, BE = 8 cm, how many cm^2 is the area of pentagon ABCDE?

Square off the figure by extending AE. That produces congruent triangles on both sides.

You can then find a formula for the total area 1/2(a^2+b^2) + 5a and a

Pythagorean equivalent (a+5)^2 + b^2 = 8^2.

You can then find a formula for the total area 1/2(a^2+b^2) + 5a and a

Pythagorean equivalent (a+5)^2 + b^2 = 8^2.

#### Problem 8 [**]

[@eylem]

1. The geometric approach is to extend chord and realize the max area is at its perpendicular

bisector. You can then easily angle chase and see this goes through the center and is also a 1:2.

2. If you have the linear alg. / calculus computing the area via vectors and differentiating is fairly

interesting as a secondary exercise.

bisector. You can then easily angle chase and see this goes through the center and is also a 1:2.

2. If you have the linear alg. / calculus computing the area via vectors and differentiating is fairly

interesting as a secondary exercise.

#### Problem 9 [*]

"I have 7 sticks all of different lengths and all an integer length long. The longest one is shorter than a piece of paper and therefore under 30 centimeters. Whenever I pick 3 sticks, I notice I can't form a triangle. What is the length of the shortest stick?"

[http://www.adelaide.edu.au/mathslearning/play/]

#### Problem 10 [**]

Given the following areas, find the area X of the remaining piece of the triangle.

[@UKMathsTrust]

- Use proportional thinking.
- Draw a line from the top to the intersection and setup 2 proportional equations.

#### Problem 11 [*]

#### [@insightsinmath]

- Extend ED to intersect with BC and an isosceles triangle will emerge.

#### Problem 12 [**]

[AMC10]

- Draw a picture to visualize and see symmetry.
- You can square off the hexagon to find some 30-60-90 triangles.
- From there its possible to get formulas for the area of the center triangle and exterior ones in terms of r.
- Set a ratio between the 2 and solve using the quadratic equation \( \frac{r}{r^2 + r + 1} = \frac{1}{7} \)
- Vieta gives a shortcut since the sum of roots is asked for.

#### Problem 13 [*]

Given a 4x6 cm rectangle (AB is the short side) what is the area of CFPG?

[@five_triangles]

- All the corners can be found directly.
- That means EFP can be found via area addition.
- Then calculate the ratio of HP:PF
- That allows the remaining triangles to be found.

#### Problem 14 [*]

[@Wiskundelessen]

1. All the implicit triangles are similar. You can use that and the fact that the 2 square sides are the same to find their ratios and then plug into the Pythagorean Theorem on one of them to solve. (Its a 8:15:17)

2. Its much easier to calculate the diagonal of the square which we can directly do with the distance formula since its 23 x 7. From there its easy to get the overall area.

2. Its much easier to calculate the diagonal of the square which we can directly do with the distance formula since its 23 x 7. From there its easy to get the overall area.

#### Problem 15 [**]

[@eylem]

- By checking the intercepts of the line AB, you get side lengths and its a 30-60-90
- This means all the other triangles are either 30-60-90 or 15-75-90's
- I like subdividing big one: Let F be the (0,2sqrt(3) Draw a perpendicular for the origin to DB
- From there its possible to get an expression for length of the original triangle 6 all in terms of OD.

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